So you have been researching about Betta fish? Yes. They do have a reputation because of their color and jovial personalities.
First things first:
- Do you have a larger aquarium that holds at least 5 to 10 gallons of water?
- Which type of water are you using for your aquarium?
- Does your aquarium have a heater?
These are just a few of the questions you need to answer that are critical to the care and maintenance of an aquarium with Betta fish.
Below if a list of Betta fish that will dazzle you and liven up your aquarium. Pick one!
1. Combtail Betta
The Combtail also referred to as the “Half sun” has a caudal fin that rotates 180 ° like a crescent moon.
Combtails have often have the typical droop as seen on the Veil tail but combined with some extended rays on all fins to varying degrees.
2. Crowntail Betta
- A Crowntail Betta fish grows to measure around 2.5 inches in length. However, the tail can add some length as well
- The Tail fin (caudal) has huge extensions that can be as large as 8 inches in diameter, almost three times the size of the fish’s body
- The web in the tail is dramatically reduced, with the spiky rays giving the caudal a dramatic “crown tail” appearance, hence the fish’s name
- Crowntail Betta fish come in different shades of red and blue or even a black.
Sometimes the webbing on the Crowntail Betta fish is reduced only leaving the ray. There are various types of Crowntails depending on this reduction:
- Double ray
- Single ray
- Crossed ray
You should make sure the water is pristine and has a good chemistry to avoid fin curling in Crowntails with little webbing.
3. Delta Tail Betta
Its tail does not reach 180 degrees.
The Delta tail has a triangular-shaped caudal fin
4. Double Tail Betta
The Double Tail Betta fish has a tail fin that is split all the way to the base into two equal lobes forming two distinct tails.
You can only have one male Double Tail Betta in an aquarium. Should you have a community tank, consider having peaceful fish as tank mates.
The Double Tail Betta is a carnivore and its diet should consist of a quality flake food, pelleted Betta diet, frozen or freeze-dried Bloodworms and Brine Shrimp.
Due to their “stunted” bodies in length, Double Tails are more prone to swim bladder problems and this also affects fry survival rates.
Double Tail Betta needs:
- A well-filtered and heated aquarium
- Stable temperature between 75° and 86°F
- An aquarium with at least 1/4 gallon water
- Dense plants for hiding places
Breeding Double Tail Betta:
- You can temporarily house one male and one female together
- Once the female lays the eggs, the eggs are placed inside a bubble nest and tended by the male Betta
- Fry appear in about 24 hours and must be fed very small food initially, such as crushed or powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp
5. Fantail Betta
It is much wider at the ends than it is at the base. This makes the tail spread out open beautifully.
The tail is very symmetrical especially if with almost two equal parts with rounded edges.
The angle of the tail may be wider or narrower, depending on the quality of the line.
5.Feathertail Betta / Rosetail Betta
Their caudal fin can spread beyond 180° in some cases, causing it to overlap with the other fins.
This extra branching gives the fins a rose-like, or, in extreme cases, feather-like appearance. Hence the names “Feathertail” and “Rosetail”
The Feathertail Betta fish are hard to breed due to the excessive mutations that cause the branching can lead to other mutations such as poor scales and short ventral fins.
NOTE: It’s not recommended to breed Rosetail Betta which due to the probability of getting weak fish attributed to the mutation.
Feathertail Betta Issues:
- Bad scaling and finnage
- The fish are weak and often less active then other types
- They are prone to tail biting
6. Halfmoon Tail Betta
The Halfmoon Tail Betta fish has a full 180 degree spread when flared. This forms a half circle shape with straight edging.
Their dorsal and anal fins are also dramatically larger than those on other fin types.
Halfmoon Tail Betta Issues:
- They are prone to tail-biting and fin damage
- Their tails are large and unnatural which hampers them in the aquarium
- They are also hard to breed since the males have a hard time successfully wrapping the females
7. Halfsun Betta
The Halfsun Betta fish is not a natural species. It is derived from very selective breeding of the Crowntail and Halfmoon.
The selective breeding of the two Betta species created the spread of a Halfmoon with the slight crowning of a Crowntail.
The Halfsun is extremely hard to breed. Unfortunately most of the specimens may not show full crowning.
8. Plakat Betta
Plakat Betta fish is a short-tailed Betta.
The males display elongated ventral fins, a rounded caudal fin and a sharply pointed anal fin.
The Plakat Betta display an array of colors and mixture of bright red, bold blue, powder blue, soft iridescent pink, and/or elegant white
Plakats are perfect for breeding. Here is why:
- They are more resistant to fin rot and other fin ailments
- They will not bite their fins unlike types with long tails
3 sub-categories of the Plakat Betta fish
- Traditional Plakat – the tail is rounded and at times pointed. They normally have two rays
- Asymmetrical Halfmoon Plakat Betta – they have four or more rays with 180 degree tail with elongated and slanted anal fin
- Symmetrical Halfmoon Plakat Betta – they look like the Halfmoon Betta but with shorter fins
9. Veiltail Betta
Veiltail Betta fish can be by their long, asymmetrical caudal fin, which naturally droops downward from the caudal peduncle. The long tail gene, commonly designated as VT by breeders, is dominant and easy to breed.
FUN FACT: A lot of Veiltail Betta keepers claim that standard veil-tails have a more outgoing personality, often wiggling their tails and moving around the aquarium to get a better view of their owner.
10. Super Delta Tail
They require a well-filtered aquarium that maintains a stable temperature between 75° and 86°F.
Super Delta Tail bettas should be kept alone in aquariums of at least 1/4 gallon with a lot of hiding places amongst the foliage of freshwater plants.
Make sure you have an appropriately-sized aquarium with a filter and heater is essential for the proper care of these otherwise hardy and colorful freshwater aquarium fish.