Because most aquarius have four side walls and a bottom made of glass, you need background plants. This material is ideally suited for an aquarium, as it allows a clear view into the basin on the one hand and can of course keep the water in the aquarium in an undamaged condition on the other.
A small disadvantage that must be considered when designing an aquarium, however, results from the use of a transparent material. T
he rear wall of the aquarium often has to be specially designed so that the equipment that often runs behind this wall does not impair the visual appearance of the tank.
Here, rear walls are often used, which, however, in their simplest versions have the disadvantage of being one-dimensional and thus not bringing much real life into the aquarium. However, the aquarist has many additional options for designing the rear area of the tank in an appealing way. Much can be gained from the plants that are brought into the aquarium.
Basically, aquarists differentiate between aquarium plants, among other things according to their botanical affiliation and on the basis of the demands that certain groups of plants place on, for example, the supply of light, the water temperature and the water values in the aquarium. When designing a basin, however, the distinction between foreground, middle ground and background plants is also very effective. Background plants are ideal for hiding the back wall in an aquarium and optically enhancing the rear area. You can find out below which properties background plants usually have.
First of all, however, it should be emphasized that the visual enhancement is only an achievement of background plants and other aquarium plants. Only at second glance does another advantage emerge from the extensive introduction of plants into the aquarium: Plants are important guarantees of good water quality, which also benefits the inhabitants of the tank.
Properties of aquarium background plants
Background plants usually have a considerable height and sometimes a spreading width.
- It is important that the background plants in the aquarium are quite large so that the entire rear of the aquarium can be designed.
- It is of course best if the corresponding background plants penetrate to the surface of the water over time.
- As a rule, it is also advantageous if the background plants in the aquarium grow very quickly, as these plants cannot always be purchased in fully grown form in stores.
- If they were to grow slowly, the aquarist would have to be very patient until the rear area of his aquarium is finally nicely designed.
- In addition, fast-growing background plants often ensure good water values, as they quickly absorb pollutants.
Not with all, but with some background plants, the large and / or rapid growth in the aquarium can also be a problem. This is especially the case when background plants with a large final size have been introduced into an aquarium that is too small.
In this case, the aquarist usually has to constantly prune the plants in order to tame them, and the background plants cannot develop freely (and therefore particularly beautifully).
Sometimes the wrongly selected plants are removed from the aquarium, so that you have to admit a bad investment and sacrifice an actually beautiful plant. You should therefore clarify in advance how big the desired aquarium plants can be and, if necessary, use other aquarium plants to protect yourself against excessive additional work. In this context, it should also be noted that the term “background plant” is always relative: In a small aquarium plants with a relatively low growth height can be used to green the pool, in a large aquarium, however, one should rather fall back on the background plants can become very large.
How to select aquarium background plants
The selection of background plants that can be used in an aquarium is enormous.
The great Amazon sword plant, the Java fern, the broad-leaved spear leaf, the cherry leaf giant water friend, the Indian water friend and the hornwort are well known.
Given the wide variety of background plants available to the aquarist, it can be difficult for them to make a choice.
It should also be noted that the selection should not only be based on optical characteristics. Of course, the selected background plants should meet with approval and visually enhance the aquarium, but those who bring plants into the aquarium whose requirements they cannot meet will sooner or later be dissatisfied with the greening of their aquarium.
Of course, background plants are usually also combined with other plants that are more intended for the middle or foreground. This combination in an aquarium is appealing because it gives the aquarium an optical depth.
At this point, too, the aquarist should make sure that the selected plants go well together so that they can flourish magnificently. Especially with background plants that are very large and spreading – such as the Great Amazon sword plant – the aquarist must be careful to choose central and foreground plants for his aquarium that can cope with possible shading.
How to arrange and plant aquarium background plants
Background plants are – as the name suggests – settled in the rear area of the tank.
Many background plants can be planted in groups, creating a dense green that blocks the unobstructed view of the back of the tank.
Such a dense green is also usually beneficial for the aquarium inhabitants: they have the opportunity to withdraw and hide in the rear area of the aquarium.
This can be very important, especially for community pools in which different species are kept. Some background plants are also very suitable as solitary plants.
They are also placed in the rear area – sometimes, if the aquarium is quite large, also in the middle ground.
Here they serve as a special eye-catcher, whereby a combination with other suitable aquarium plants is of course also possible in these cases.
- Many background plants can easily be planted in the substrate in the aquarium thanks to their roots.
- Not all plants are very sensitive, but you should of course be careful when planting so that the background plants have the best possible development opportunities.
- Some background plants also do not develop roots, so that they have to be attached in a different way in the aquarium if they are not to float in the aquarium.
- Sometimes even smaller stones are sufficient for fastening, but the hold should be checked from time to time so that the plants do not loosen and thus they cannot change the overall design of the pool in an undesirable way.