Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Aquarium Foreground Plants

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Aquarium Foreground Plants

The Dwarf baby tears plant is also referred to as:

  • Hemianthus callitrichoides
  • Cuba
  • simply the initials HC
  • Cuba Dwarf Pearl Herb

Hemianthus callitrichoides is an attractive foreground plant that only grows a few centimeters high and can be grown well in smaller, well-lit aquariums.

The Dwarf baby tear is considered to be one of the smallest aquarium plants in the world.

It has millimeter-small, round leaves that grow crawling over the ground. If it is planted in small bunches a few centimeters apart, it will spread quickly and form a cohesive carpet on the bottom of the aquarium. 

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Quick facts

Scientific name: Hemianthus callitrichoides ‘Cuba’

Popular names: Cuban pearl herb, Cuba dwarf pearl herb, Hemianthus callitrichoides, Cuba, HC, Cuba Dwarf Pearl Herb

Full botanical name: Hemiánthus callitrichoídes Griseb.

Level of difficulty: medium to hard (it can be demanding for beginners)

Color: light green

Texture: small-leaved, short-leaved

Use: Nano aquarium, foreground group, foreground ground cover

Growth: medium

Carbonate hardness: 0 – 18 ° dKH

Total water hardness: 0 – 30 ° dGH

Propagation: Runners, cuttings, side shoots, branches itself

Can grow immersed? Yes
Natural occurrence: South America (in Cuba, west of Havana)

Height: 3-5cm high and 3-10cm wide
Optimal temperature range: 18-28 ° C 

Light requirement: shade to full sun, very adaptable
pH tolerance: 5.5 – 7.5
optimal water hardness: very soft to hard

Other: Hemianthus callitrichoides ‘Cuba’ is a very small, creeping stem plant. It is very decorative as a foreground plant. In good lighting it spreads crawling quickly. Regular fertilization and the addition of CO2 are recommended. Do not place in aquariums with heavy algae infestation.

How To Grow : Dwarf Baby Tears ” Hemianthus callitrichoides ‘Cuba’ “

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Habitat

It was found in Cuba, west of Havana.

In order for the Dwarf baby tears (Cuban pearl herb) you need to have:

  • Clean water (you have to make weekly water changes to maintain a stable environment for the plant)
  • Sufficient light
  • CO2 fertilization (although it is not a must)

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Shape and Color

The Dwarf baby tears plant does not grow much in height. It develops  wide in width and thus creates a dense green carpet of plants.

This dense green carpet is made of cubic pearls which are useful in the aquarium for two reasons:

  • They form countless small leaflets that assume a round to slightly elongated shape. They result in a dense growth that offers protection to small aquarium inhabitants.
  • Their deep green color refreshes the aquarium and offers a contrast to other plants and inhabitants
Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides)
Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides)

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): In the Aquarium

  • To get a dense carpet Dwarf baby tears make sure you plant in groups so that the individual plants can more or less combine over time.
  • Ensure that leave a little space between the individual plants so that they can take up enough space for their growth striving to the side. If it is planted in small bunches a few centimeters apart, it will spread quickly and form a cohesive carpet at the bottom of the aquarium.
  • Carefully transfer the small plants to the substrate making sure not to break the roots off.
  • To make it easier to get a dense foreground, plant with grids, stones and other fastening material.
  • Tie the plant to decorative objects in the aquarium with a thread. The attachment will become invisible over time as the plant grows.
Plant Guide: Dwarf Baby Tears

Dwarf baby tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Tip

If the Dwarf baby tears have short roots, they tend to be very difficult to attach to the substrate on the bottom. You can:

  • Put a layer of fine powder over the soil (if you use soil) in which the fine roots can hold on better
  • Bind the plant completely on a flat little stone. From this fixed anchor it can then anchor your aquarium floor

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